Published Friday, November 16, 2018 at: 7:00 AM EST
The stock market was volatile again last week but a more important news story affecting your wealth is an opportunity pre-retiree professionals and business owners should know about before passing up. This is like a highway exit you may not want to miss.
With just weeks before the end of the year, high-income lawyers, doctors, dentists and business owners are running out of time to reduce their 2018 tax bill while socking away a large sum in retirement. This strategy is particularly useful to professionals and business owners in their peak earning years who have not saved enough to retire.
The linchpin of this tax and retirement planning strategy is a defined benefit (DB) plan, a tax-advantaged vehicle that is not nearly as well-known as defined contribution (DC) plans but can be a potent vehicle for catching up on retirement savings fast.
With a DB plan, your retirement contribution is defined; your retirement benefit is not. DC plans pose less financial risk to employers, so they are much more common. The federal tax code imposes much higher contributions and elaborate rules on DB plans than on DC plans because a defined benefit is designed to last your actuarially-expected lifespan.
In 2018, the maximum contribution to a DB plan is $220,000 versus $55,000 for a DC plan. If a business owner has a DC plan already and now adds a DB plan, they could reduce their taxable income by as much as $275,000! If socking away $275,000 would make it impossible to meet current expenses, you can contribute less.
Consider a dentist in her peak earnings years, with $500,000 of income. She's married, and her children are out of the house. The 35% federal tax bracket bites deeply into her income.
Money she salts away into her qualified retirement plans is subtracted from her taxable income, reducing her tax bill for this year, and it enables her to lower her tax bracket to an optimum advantage.
Say she places $185,000 into the retirement accounts, it would reduce her taxable income to $315,000, putting her in the 24% tax bracket instead of the 35% bracket.
Because she is a partner in a business and it is not a "C corporation," she also qualifies for a 20% deduction under Section 199A of the new tax code for owners of small business that are S corps, LLCs, sole proprietorships, or other pass-through entities. To get this extra tax break, her taxable income must not exceed $315,000 for a married couple ($157,500 for a single).
Twenty percent of $315,000 works out to a deduction of $63,000, placing her taxable income at $252,000, firmly in the middle of the 24% bracket. If she hadn't taken steps to whittle down her high income, her taxes would much higher and she has socked away a large defined benefit for retirement.
Setting up a DB plan requires expertise and careful planning but is a great tactic to consider this year, especially because of 20% tax deduction. However, DB plans require careful planning and help from an actuary to evaluate the best way to set up your plan. Because of the technical nature of the work, it takes time, and you only have until the end of the year to get this done if you want to use this tactic to lower your 2018 tax bill and jumpstart your retirement savings plan.
The double-digit market correction of October that halted only a couple weeks ago and became a rally after the midterm elections fizzled. The market dropped sharply on Thursday and then bounced back strongly on Friday. The Standard & Poor's 500 closed at 2736.27, less than 8% off the all-time high of September 20. No one can predict the future, but the economy shows no sign of recession.
It's human nature to watch the market's ups and downs, but a single tax and retirement planning technique, like the DB plan idea outlined above, can net immediate income tax savings and jumpstart retirement savings for pre-retirees with more than $315,000 of taxable income in 2018.
This article was written by a veteran financial journalist based on data compiled and analyzed by independent economist, Fritz Meyer. While these are sources we believe to be reliable, the information is not intended to be used as financial or tax advice without consulting a professional about your personal situation. Tax laws are subject to change. Indices are unmanaged and not available for direct investment. Investments with higher return potential carry greater risk for loss. Past performance is not an indicator of your future results.
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